The main idea of the project is the accurate representation of costs and benefits of an ambitious climate policy in Poland. We want to answer the question of how to modernise Poland in order to reach the 2050 target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent, as set out in the Roadmap for the moving to a competitive low-emission economy in 2050.

    It is important to shift the emphasis in the public debate and public policy agenda to modernisation based on innovation, efficiency and environmental friendliness. The project will present arguments for embedding climate policy in the wider modernisation agenda of the Polish economy.

    The project will present various modernisation scenarios of the Polish economy, based on a dedicated econometric model. The scenarios will concern the energy, transport, construction, manufacturing and other sectors (waste management, agriculture, forestry). Assessment will also be made for the technological potential to reduce emissions by 2050. Experts working on the project will also conduct an analysis of cost-effectiveness and reduction potential of each technology at the microeconomic level. The project will also bring about alternative emission reduction scenarios for the year 2050 and their simulations.

    The results of our work will be described in subsequent policy papers and summarised in the final report. The report will be of a scientific nature, far from any ideological preconception. It will be based on reliable data and econometric calculations. The report will present three scenarios for the Polish roadmap to reach a low carbon economy. For each of them, we will prepare a profit and loss analysis.

    The project will undertake the following topics:

    - hopes of the renewable and dissipated energy
    - opportunities to reduce emissions in the power industry
    - potential for reducing emissions in transport and industry
    - reserves of energy efficiency
    - micro-and macroeconomic costs and benefits of the package
    - economic opportunities of Polish (eco)innovation
    - externalities and social benefits
    - financing and business potential
    - regulatory and policy recommendations


    The researchers from both aforementioned Institutes have observed that decisions concerning the development of Poland are rarely based on in-depth analyses, reliable data and calculations. This is particularly evident in the area of energy and climate. The activities carried out under this project are designed to provide policy-makers, businessmen, strategists and other officials, with detailed analyses that will help them plan for the future of Poland and make decisions that will benefit the current and future generations. We are committed to using the project for more advanced and innovative policies, especially in industry, innovation, energy and climate, and a more active role of Poland in the shaping of the European energy and climate policy.

    Project "Low- Emission Poland 2050" is meant to promote:

    - Evidence-based policies
    - Reforms, for example in industrial, innovation, regulatory, energy and climate policies
    - Gradual construction of a low-carbon economy in Poland
    - Innovation in industry, energy, transport
    - A more active role of Poland in creating an ambitious pro-development policy environment in Europe

    Low-Emission Poland 2050 is a project carried out by two independent organisations: the Warsaw Institute for Economic Studies and the Institute for Sustainable Development, and is financially supported by the European Climate Foundation.

  • Partners

    Low-emission Poland 2050 is a project implemented by two independent Warsaw Institite for Economic Studies and the Institute for Sustainable Development, and supported financially by the European Climate Foundation.


    Warsaw Institute for Economic Studies is an independent think-tank. Our goal is to conduct and support research enhancing innovation and competitiveness of the Polish economy. We inspire and carry out research in the field of climate, energy, regional, social security and the labor market policies.

    As a leading Polish think-tank we actively participate in the public debate on the most important challenges of the Polish and European economies. We co-create the foundations of a reliable and modern public policy aiming at creating a competitive and environmentally friendly economy.

    Please visit our website - www.wise-institute.org.pl


    The Institute for Sustainable Development is a non-governmental think-tank formed in 1990. For more than 20 years of its operation, the Institute has earned a considerable reputation in sustainable development, offering its knowledge and services to an ever growing circle of customers.

    The Institute was created with the mission of building bridges between environmental protection, the economy and society, and to transfer and adapt experiences in environmental protection of highly developed countries into Polish conditions, especially in the period of transformation, and preparation for membership in the European Union. The aim of the Institute is also to initiate and support institutions for sustainable development. Currently, the mission of the Institute is being transformed, and focuses on the future, “In the interest of future generations”.

    The Institute formulates economic, environmental and social conditions, that are necessary for combining the interest of the current generation with that of future generations. In order to achieve this goal, the Institute is in close contact with Parliament and governmental institutions, especially the Ministries of Environment, Regional Development, Agriculture and Rural Development, and the Economy. The Institute also cooperates with local government institutions (local and regional) and research centres. The natural allies of the Institute are other non-governmental organisations, especially ecological ones. The Institute is also in dialogue with business circles.

    The Institute works in the European forum, under the European Environmental Bureau (EEB), a representative of the Institute is a member of the European Economic and Social committee. In Poland, it is a member of various alliances of social organisations, such as Climate Coalition, Coalition on EU Funds, Polish Rural Forum (FAOW). At the same time, the Institute's workers are active in various advisory boards:

    Directions of the Institute's actions

    • environmental protection
    • sustainable approach to the development of energy and transport sectors, tourism,
    • rural and urban areas.
    • low carbon economy
    • Natura 2000 vs. tourism
    • sustainable competitiveness
    • green jobs
    • environmentally friendly EU funds
    • strategic evaluation of environmental impact
    • ecological tax reform

    Institute for Sustainable Development also runs a website www.chronmyklimat.pl. ( ‘let’s protect the climate’, only in Polish:)

    Visit our website www.ine-isd.org.pl

    European Climate Foundation
    European Climate Foundation

    The mission of the European Climate Foundation (started in 2008) is the promotion of legal changes in climate protection and the energy sector that would facilitate lower emissions of greenhouse gases in Europe and building a leading position in international climate negotiations. Our goal is moving to a low-carbon EU economy.

    According to the Foundation, the key changes must include:

    • significant increase in energy efficiency of EU economies
    • renewable energy production
    • protection of the Earth's ecosystem
    • equal access to energy resources, both at the level of individuals and countries

    The Foundation cooperates with governmental organisations, private sector, scientific circles and the government, building strategic alliances for the preparation and implementation of national and EU regulations. It puts great emphasis on impartial and evidence-based research and analyses, understanding their key role for defining problems and finding possible solutions. It concerns especially the complex subject of climate change.

    Most of the Foundation's resources are spent on grants for NGOs. It also undertakes its own actions, initiating studies and analyses, promoting dialogue between various social groups, and the transfer of knowledge, also at the global level.

    The Foundation is part of the global philantropic Climate Works network, based in San Francisco, which aims to stop global climate change.